Tinnitus Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

What is Tinnitus?

Tinnitus is a term referring to your body’s perception of noise or ear irritation. It is often described as ringing in the ear by most people. On its own, it is not a medical condition; it is a symptom indicating an underlying disease. It is often described as buzzing noise in the head that doesn’t go away.  You are the only one that can hear this sound. Don’t be scared; it is not a psychological problem or your imagination, It is authentic despite the fact that you hear it alone. The pain or noise can be present in any part of the head or both ears.
There are different types of tinnitus based on the intensity of the noise; It can be intermittent, continuous, or pulsatile depending on the strength of the noise. The sound is often heightened in a serene environment which is why it is worsened at night or in a tranquil setting. In some rare cases, people experience pulsatile tinnitus (The pulsating sound synchronizes with the heartbeat of the patient).
Over 50 million Americans are suffering from tinnitus and it can affect their day to day activities. It can lead to insomnia and loss of concentration. There are different types of tinnitus depending on the intensity of the noise.

 

Types of Tinnitus

There are different types of tinnitus depending on the etiology and intensity of the noise and symptom. The two primary types of tinnitus include:

Causes of Tinnitus

Before we start talking about the causes and risk factors of tinnitus, we need to understand the physiology of hearing; there are numerous tiny hair cells inside our ear, sound waves move them and send electric signals to the brain, the brain interprets these electrical signals as sound. This is the normal physiology of hearing; however, when these hair cells are bent or traumatized, it can lead to hearing impairment or hearing loss. Inner ear cell damage is the most common etiology of hearing loss and tinnitus. Moreover, there are other risk factors and causes of these symptoms. The most common causes and risk factors for tinnitus include:

 

Symptoms of Tinnitus

The primary symptom of tinnitus is a phantom noise that can come in different amplitude and forms. The common types of phantom noise include:

Tinnitus is not a medical condition but a symptom that indicates the presence of an underlying disease or infection. It is medically advisable to see your doctor as soon as possible when you start noticing those annoying sounds in your ear. The best form of treatment can be prescribed by otolaryngologist because it is their area of specialization.


Can Hearing Aids Help Tinnitus?

Yes, hearing aids can help with the treatment of tinnitus especially in a patient suffering from Presbycusis. It is more effective in people suffering from hearing loss-induced tinnitus. There are numerous tinnitus masks that helps to mask out the annoying noise heard during tinnitus. One of the most effective forms of eliminating this treatment is using tinnitus hearing aids.

Is there a Tinnitus Anxiety Connection?

Research has revealed that tinnitus can lead to stress and anxiety, however, most tinnitus patients gets worse when they are stressed or anxious. Most people living with tinnitus are hypersensitive to threatening information; they also develop insomnia due to increased anxiety. Tinnitus patients get very worried during bedtime. They are commonly concerned with developing tinnitus induced insomnia.

There are several ways to overcome anxiety tinnitus, the most common treatment for anxiety tinnitus includes:

Tinnitus itself is not dangerous but could be annoying and bothersome. The best and safest way for us to eliminate those annoying buzzing sounds is to contact a doctor who can help you.

 

 

*This article first appeared at www.checkbiotech.org

Author: Dr. O

 

References

Daniel Murrell, M. (2018). Tinnitus: Symptoms, treatment, home remedies, and causesMedical News Today. Retrieved 4 April 2018, from https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/156286.php

Publishing, H. (2018). Tinnitus: Ringing in the ears and what to do about it – Harvard HealthHarvard Health. Retrieved 4 April 2018, from https://www.health.harvard.edu/diseases-and-conditions/tinnitus-ringing-in-the-ears-and-what-to-do-about-it

Tinnitus. (2018). Nhs .uk. Retrieved 4 April 2018, from https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/tinnitus/#symptoms

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